The national flag of Cape verde was adopted in 1992 soon after the country won its fight for independence with Guinea- Bissau another portuguese colony in west Africa.
The national flag has five unequal horizontal bands: blue, white, red, white and blue again. There is also a circle of yellow five pointed stars.
A circle of ten stars represents ten islands beeing a part of the country. The blue has a traditional meaning: an ocean and a sky. White and red stripes are used like symbols of the road of the government to the better future and the meaning is the follong white is a symol of peace and red means an effort. There is no information in the Constitution of the country about what sizes should be the stripes. But the proportions are traditionally the same as they were in the flag before 1992.
Before the company became independent from Portugal there as no need for national symols and the national flag of Portugal was used. The first attempt to adopt a national flag was taken in late 1960s but it failed because the flag was based on Portuga one with a Cape Verde coat of arms in its lower part. The current variant is used since 1975 after the country became independent.
Total area:4,033 km2
Formation:5. 7. 1975
Currency:cape verdean escudo (CVE)