Ethiopian flag is a main national symbol of one of the biggest and oldest State on the territory of Africa. The national symbol was first time adopted in 1881 thought a state existed on the teritory of the counry centuries before that.
A flag in its modern variant is in use since 1996. Nowadays it is a horizontal tricolor consisting of green, yello and red stripes. In the center a national coat of arms is depicted: a five pointed gold star on the blue disc. Before the coat of arms was added a variant of 1897 was used as a national symbol. It was tricolor of the same shape of colors but without a coat of arms. Colors of the national flag never changed the only difference was that on the first variant triangle stripes were used in tricolor.
Symbolic meaning of the flag
The syar used as a coat of arms is a symbol of te national unity within the country. A green stripe is a symbol of nature, development and fertility. The yellow middle bar represents equality, justice and hope. The red bottom line is a struggle for freedom and courage
Capital city:Addis Ababa
Total area:1,104,300 km2
Currency:ethiopian birr (ETB)