The national flag of Gambia consists of three horizontal stripes red blue and yellow. The central band is surrounded by thinner white ones. Before a blue ensign was used as a national symbol but a tricolor was adopted as a national flag in 1961 and remains unchanged since then despite the seven year cooperation with Senegal.
All colors used on the national flag have cultural, politic and religious meaning. Blue is the symbol of the national river which gave the name to the country. Red means savannas and its proximity to Senegal. Green means agriculture Gambian people are dependent on.
The British first arrived on the territory of the day-to day Senegal in 1661 when they conquered James island. Since then Great Britain expanded its control near the river Gambia. In 1820 this territory became a protectorate of Great Britain. A new status gave the country its on colonial flag that was in use till Gambia gained full independence in 1963. In 1982 a confederation with Senegal was formed and this territory was a united state till 1989 when it was dissolved.
Total area:11,295 km2
Formation:18. 2. 1965
Currency:gambian dalasi (GMD)