The national flag of India is a cloth of rectangular shape, the sides of which are correlated as 2 to 3. The panel is divided into three horizontal bands: saffron, white and green. In the center is a symbol called “Ashoka chakra”, whose diameter is 3/4 of the width of the strip.
It is a wheel with 24 spokes, and it symbolizes the development and movement. Its second name is “Dharmachakra”, it indicates justice and adherence to duty.
There were other proposals for a symbol that could be placed in the center of the national flag.
This elephant-headed God of wisdom Ganesha, sacred cow and even the Crescent, which is a sacred symbol not only in Islam but also in Hinduism. But preference was given to a more religiously neutral symbolism. Some time on the flag is present the image of a spinning wheel.
Now there are several versions about what national colors mean. But according to the most common version orange stands for courage, valor and sacrifice, white is a symbol of purity, peace and the pursuit for truth. Green is a symbol of agriculture, fertility of local soil and the desire of local people to work hard for the future prospering of nation.
Capital city:New Delhi
Total area:3,287,260 km2
Formation:15. 8. 1947
Currency:indian rupee (INR)