A national flag of Lithuania is a tricolor consisting of green yellow and red stripes. The flag was officially adopted in 1989 but the final variant was confirmed in 2004 after it was slightly changed.
Yellow stripe is on the top of the flag. It symbolizes the sun shining and giving warmth to the country. Green is the symbol of the country`s wealth, nature and prospering. Red is a historic reference to the country`s past. It stands for the blood of patriots shed in their struggle for independence.
The concept of the modern tricolor was developed and approved in 1918. The color scheme of the current tricolor was invented Th. A tones. The famous scientist and public figure decided that it is necessary to choose the colors that are most often found in the national textiles. Yellow, signifying the dawn, was proposed in one of the variants of the flag.
Since then, the flag has undergone numerous changes due to the political situation and the position of Lithuania as an independent state on the world stage. It was only after a referendum in 1992 that it was decided to return the current state symbol. At the same time, we should not forget that along with the official flag, the legislation also stipulates the historical national flag of Lithuania. It looks like the banners of Lithuanian regiments in 1410. This is a red rectangular cloth with a rider in the middle. This flag is always raised over the Military Museum, Trakai castle and the Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania. It necessarily rises and during public holidays.