Many flags reflect the evolution of the state, its formation and development. The Portuguese banner was no exception.
The modern flag of Portugal was adopted in 1911 after the abolition of the monarchy. A year earlier, the Republicans overthrew the king and proclaimed a Republic. This success did not come immediately, there was a series of defeats and failures. Several decades revolutionaries hatched plans of revolt. The rebels considered green and red colors as their symbols, which were transferred to the new national flag.
Up to this point, the main banner of the country was a square white cloth. He wore a blue cross. For many centuries, the Portuguese kings used to do their business under that banner. White color was traditionally considered the color of the Order of Christ. Its members were followers of the Templars and fought the infidels. The blue cross was considered a symbol of the mother of God and personified the divine connection of earthly power with the higher powers.
It was important for the victorious revolutionaries to get rid of the religious significance of the flag. Therefore, the former symbols and shades had no place on the state banner. As an important symbolic element, an armillary sphere was placed on the flag. On top of it was a picture of a heraldic shield. The armillary sphere is a complex navigation tool. With its help, Portuguese sailors discovered new lands and found their way home.
The history of Portugal is closely connected with the sea. Passion for travel, travel, discovery is a national feature of the Portuguese. Such activities became the basis for the Imperial expansion. As new research progressed, more and more land turned into Portuguese colonies. The country was rich and prosperous. The period of great discoveries was the heyday of the state.