The flag is a distinctive symbol of any state. Each has its own peculiarities of creation and even legends. It is a cultural and national treasure.
In Turkey, it is a bright red cloth of rectangular shape with white figures of a Crescent and a five-pointed star. The whole composition has a Central location with a slight shift to the left. The Crescent moon is placed to the left of the star. The banner scale is always 3: 2, where 3 is the length and 2 is the width.
The five-pointed star in Islam is a symbol of the five pillars of Islam that are the Foundation of faith:
- Shahada – confirmation of monotheism and recognition of Muhammad as a prophet of God;
- Salat (Salat) – daily five-time prayer;
- Zakat – tax for the population in need as a mandatory donation;
- Syam (Uraza) – thirty-day fast in the Holy month of Ramadan;
- Hajj-pilgrimage to the city of Mecca and Medina, which is required to make every Muslim believer.
There are several versions about the symbolism of the Crescent. One by one, he says that “the sky itself protects the faithful Muslims.” According to a more prosaic version it is a symbol of the fact that lunar calendar is used and the whole life is under the rule of lunar calendar.